A hopeful person says YES! He is late to the party.
My own researches have shown that Michelangelo was indeed consumed by anatomy, enough so to insert clever references to his scholarship into his work at the Sistine Chapel under (or over) the very eyes of the religious authorities. Look closely here:
Did you see it? Fear of exposure of his detailed anatomical knowledge - and let's face it - the ruthless censorship of the time led the great Michelangelo to conceal in his masterpiece this unusually detailed portrait of a part of human anatomy that was until then shrouded in mystery: